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参考目录书写方式指南




Dove Medical Press (DMP)遵循美国医学协会(AMA)所使用的参考目录书写方式*(参见 39 - 79 页),而这一 书写方式则是基于国际医学期刊编辑委员会(ICMJE)于 1978 年在温哥华创建的参考目录书写方式。

 

请注意,参考目录的准确性和完整性完全由作者负责。


引用文本: 引用文本时要按文本、表格和图例的顺序,要使用不带括号的阿拉伯数字上角文,例如, 13,410-15。数字应跟在标点符号,例如.3,4  。不要使用微软 Word 的脚注和或尾注功能建立参考目录,因为这样会在排版过程中导致错误的发生。


参考目录 将目录中的所有条目按其在文中被引用的顺序用数字排列起来,例如,4. Kapur NK, Musunuru K. Clinical efficiency and safety of statins in managing cardiovascular risk. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008;4(2):341-353. (4. Kapur NK, Musunuru K. 心血管风险管理中他汀类药物的临床效率和安全. 血管健康风险管理期刊. 2008年;第4卷(第2期):第341-353页. 请参见以下一些常用的参考目录书写方式之实例


期刊文章


1. 标准期刊文章:
Kapur NK, Musunuru K. Clinical efficiency and safety of statins in managing cardiovascular risk. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008;4(2):341-353.

(Kapur NK, Musunuru K. 心血管风险管理中他汀类药物的临床效率和安全. 血管健康风险管理期刊. 2008年;第4卷(第2期):第341-353页. 

期刊的缩写名称源于PubMed的期刊名单。(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=PubMed

如作者人数不到六名,请列出
所有作者的名字,否则仅列出头三位作者的名字,然后加上"et al."(等)字, 例如:Brandén E, Gnarpe J, Hillerdal G, et al. Detection of Chlamydia pneumoniae on cytospin preparations from bronchiolar lavage in COPD patients and in lung tissue from advanced emphysema. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2007;2(4):643-650.


2.作者为某一组织:
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-686.

糖尿病预防计划研究小组. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-686. )


3. 作者既有个人又有某一组织
Munakata M, Honma H, Akasi M; for J-STOPMetS Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2007;4(2):415-420.

Munakata M, Honma H, Akasi M; J-STOPMetS 研究小组. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2007;4(2):415-420.)


4. 期刊的某一卷中带有附刊
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-S99.

(Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42卷第2号附刊:S93-S99.)


5. 期刊的某一期中带有附刊
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-S12.

(Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12期第7号附刊 ):S6-S12.)


6. 期刊的某一卷中分有部分
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-495.

(Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(2部分):491-495.)


7. 期刊的某一期中分有数个部分
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-928.

(Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9期第1部分):923-928.)


8. 期刊的某一期中不含卷
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-238.

(Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-238.)


9. 既不含卷又不含期:
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.

(Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 6:1-6.)


10. 按需要注明文章类型:
Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.

(Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. 接受美沙酮维持疗法年长患者特征 [摘要]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.)


11. 文章在印刷前就已以电子方式出版:
Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-3831. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

(Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. 卵黄囊前体细胞之永生性. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-3831. Epub标准电子文稿200275.)著作和其它专著


12. 个人作者:
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical Microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.


13. 编辑、编者也为作者:
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, eds. Operative Obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

 (Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP,编辑们. Operative Obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.)


14. 作者和编辑:
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent Pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, ed. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent Pregnancy. 2nd ed.Wieczorek RR, 编辑. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.)


15. 著作中的某一章
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002:93-113.

(Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. 人体实体瘤染色体的改变. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. 人类癌症的遗传基础The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002:93-113.)


16. 在学术会议上发表的文稿总集:
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

(Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. 生殖细胞肿瘤之五. 第五届生殖细胞肿瘤大会上发表的文稿; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.)


17. 在学术会议上发表的文稿:
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

(Christensen S, Oppacher F. Koza 基因规划中电脑在无明确指令下努力去自行解决问题的统计数据分析. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: 第五届欧洲基因规划大会文稿; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.)


18. 专利:
Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498.

(Pagedas AC, 发明人; Ancel 手术研发公司, 受让人. 灵活内镜抓取及切割设备和定位工具装配. 美国专利 专利号US 20020103498. 2002年8月1日.)其它被发表的资料


19. 报纸文章:
Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees drop in assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).

 (Tynan T. 医疗改善使谋杀率下降: 研究发现攻击率下降.华盛顿邮报. 2002年8月 12日; A:2版 (第4栏.))未出版的材料


20. 已经被接受并即将出版的文章
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press 2002.

 (Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002年付印的文章. )电子版本材料


21. 网上期刊文章:
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.].  http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm

(Abood S. 改善养老院质量的建议: 美国护理协会起到顾问作用. Am J Nurs [网上文稿系列]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.].  http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm. )


22. 网站首页和/或网站:
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/. Accessed August 29, 2003.

Cancer-Pain.org [网站首页]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. 可从此网址获取: http://www.cancer-pain.org/. Accessed August 29, 2003.)


*Iverson C, Christiansen S, Flanagin A, et al. AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and EditorsAMA书写方式手册:作者与编辑指南). 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press(纽约:牛津大学出版社); 2007年.